Describes bilateral and multilateral trade agreements that this country is party to, including with the United States. Includes websites and other resources where U.S. companies can get more information on how to take advantage of these agreements.
Last Published: 9/30/2019
The Government of Peru (GOP) has encouraged integration with the global economy by signing a number of free trade agreements, including the United States - Peru Trade Promotion Agreement (PTPA), which entered into force in February 2009. In 2017, trade of goods between the United States and Peru totaled $15.9 billion, up from $9.1 billion in 2009, the year the PTPA entered into force. From 2009 to 2017, Peruvian exports of goods to the United States jumped from $4.2 billion to $7.3 billion (a 73% increase) while U.S. exports of goods to Peru jumped from $4.9 billion to $8.6 billion (a 75% increase). The United States also enjoys a favorable trade balance in services; exports of services in 2015 to Peru amounted to $3.9 billion and contributed to a $991 million services surplus the same year.
In terms of other trade agreements, Peru also has free trade agreements with Canada, Chile, China, Venezuela, Costa Rica, the European Union, the European Free Trade Association (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland), Honduras, Japan, Mexico, Panama, Singapore, South Korea, and Thailand.  It has Framework Agreements with MERCOSUR countries (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Venezuela).  It has a partial preferential agreement with Cuba.  More agreements have been signed and await full implementation, including with Guatemala, the Pacific Alliance (Mexico, Colombia, and Chile), Brazil, Australia, and the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership CPTPP (Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore and Vietnam). Peru has also ratified the WTO Agreement on Trade Facilitation, which entered into force in February 2017.
Peru has bilateral investment agreements in force with Argentina, Australia, Belgium-Luxembourg, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, El Salvador, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Netherlands, Norway, Paraguay, Portugal, Romania, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, United Kingdom, and Venezuela.  In total, Peru is a party to 32 bilateral investment agreements. Peru has been a member of the Andean Community (and its predecessor, the Andean Pact) since 1969. The Andean Community is currently comprised of Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, and Bolivia. In January 2002, the member countries of the Andean Community agreed to establish an Andean free trade zone, a common external tariff (CET), and a customs harmonization policy by January 2004. However, Andean Community members have not implemented these measures. Peru is a member of the WTO and became a full member of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum in November 1998.  Peru is currently the 32nd largest export market for U.S. goods. U.S. exports to Peru amounted to $9.7 billion in 2018, up 11% ($1 billion) from 2015. U.S. exports to Peru are up 36% from 2008 (pre-PTPA).


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Peru Trade Development and Promotion Trade Agreements